Siddhartha’s noble intention to find the truth and get himself established in the truth was rooted in the sufferings and miseries of Beings. After attaining to the supreme stage of Purity and Awareness, the Buddha preached the Dhamma – the ‘noble way of life’ leading to perfection and self-realization. The Buddha gave his first
Sermon known as the ‘Dhamma Chakka Pavattana Sutta’ at Isipatana Migadaya, Sarnath to his first five disciples. Thus, the Buddha spoke the Dhamma to the world; symbolized by the opened mouths of the Lions in the Emperor Asoka’s Capital symbol.
The Buddha taught the ‘Four Noble Truths’ and the ‘Noble Eightfold Paths’ in the first Sermon. The Buddha’s teachings for 45 years since his Enlightenment at the age of 35 years till his Mahaparinirvana at the ripe age of 81 years are compiled in ‘Tri-Pitakas’ or ‘Three Baskets’. It includes the Sutra, the Vinaya and the Abhidhamma.