The Organization or the Order of the Monks formed by the Buddha to promote, preserve and spread the Dhamma in the service of Humanity. The Sangha was established at Sarnath with the Buddha’s first five disciples and Yasakula Putra – the first Lay Follower to be ordained.
The Sangha later grew to 60 monks and were asked by the Buddha to move in all four directions to promote and propagate the Dhamma which is symbolized again by the Lions seeing in four directions in the Emperor Asoka’s Symbol and now the National Emblem of Independent India.
The Buddhist Sangha is the oldest and the most appropriately constituted establishment in the world. After the Mahaparinirvana or the passing away of the Buddha, the Sangha took the responsibility of preserving and promoting the Dhamma.